Best Random Honest Skincare/Makeup Tips

I am a girl. I am a voracious reader and knowledge sucker about all things which make a person look good be it Skincare, Makeup, Fashion, Fitness, Mental Wellness. The following tips that i am about to share are my personal amalgamation of going through a lot(seriously a lot let say 3 years) of blogs, vlogs, YouTube channels and various personal experiences.

Lets start with Skincare first:

  • Drink lots of water because that’s what clears your skin out.
  • Eat at least one fruit each day, What you eat is more important that what you apply.
  • Scrub with a konjac sponge along with your regular face wash, mild scrubbing makes great difference to skin quality.
  • Use Rose water in a spray bottle daily as a after face wash toner.
  • Apply some sort of moisturizer preferably an aloevera moisturizer after face-wash before going to bed.
  • Eat fruits like blueberries, blackberries, pomegranate, oranges on a regular basis to achieve good skin and body.
  • Exercise on a regular basis also, no explanation needed.


My holy grail makeup tips:

  • Always use a mild scrub before one starts applying makeup.
  • Rub a ice cube wrapped in muslin all over the face (Girls living in humid regions would thank me for this)
  • Use a non-oily moisturizer after that. Wait for 5 minutes at least if you can.
  • Use concealer (weather you think you need it or not), under the eyes, around the nose, around the mouth, infact a lot of things concealer is all you need, one can skip on all others. In India best concealers are available at MAC.
  • Use Foundation sparingly on areas not dabbed on with concealer.
  • Set with a loose or translucent or pressed face powder.
  • While doing eye makeup, blending it well is the key to making your eyes look good. Blend the eyeliner even, both on upper and lower lids of the eyes. Use an eyeshadow base or primer if you want the colors of your eyeshadows to be bright and show prominently.
  • False, natural looking eyelashes make a lot of difference.
  • Skip on anything in eye makeup but not Mascara, a Mascara is as good as its wand design.
  • Blend blend blend the contour, highlight and blush, there must never be any harsh lines on the face.
  • Learn to contour as per your face, girls with round plump faces would benefit greatly from this.
  • Do not apply blush if you have naturally flustered cheeks or if you have chubby cheeks, blush would emphasis more on that chubbiness.
  • Fare skin girls with thin faces can use blush in abundance if needed, dark skin girls should use bronzer as blush.
  • Always apply lip balm, then a little foundation over your lips before your start applying your lip color. Make a glossy lipstick matte by layering face powder between applications.
  • At the end of Makeup application , buff the whole face with a buffing brush loaded with a little bit of pressed face powder.
  • Do not forget your ears, neck and hairline, they should not look different from the rest of your face.
  • Last but not the least, invest in Makeup brushes and face sponges, since i feel Makeup looks as good as the tools used to apply it. 🙂

Lake Parashar Tranquility at its peak

Lake Parashar

Started from Delhi at 5.15 p. m. by Kalka Shatabdi to Chandigarh.  I missed work on this day i. e.  17th April 2015 on pretext of a medical. Got some home work done.  Train journey was pleasant,  had mediocre snacks,  Varun Srivastava was expecting dinner but it wasn’t served. Chatted among us,  meetha was her usual silent self. Reached the hustle bustle of chandigarh railway station at 8.40 p. m.  absolutely correct time. Stated looking for an auto,  saw a big fat dog sitting coolly in one auto’s driver’s seat.  Found an auto to sector 45B,  located our hotel golden plaza 2 which i booked on prior.  Hotel was a budget one, lacked ventilation. After freshening up we left for having dinner,  varun’s idea at sector 35 market. It was 9.50 p.m. then and most shops were closed except few eateries and people were scant, rarely any female was in view. We chose Pashtun,  an indo-afghani restaurant. Ambience and decoration  was eastern medieval. Meetha ordered one rumali roti and chana-masala,  me ordered amritsari kulchha and murg wajid ali,  varun shared my chicken dish with chur chur naan. Food was sumptuous and tasty. Meetha couldn’t finish her chana masala and another amritsari naan which we got packed for ourselves. We went back to the hotel via auto which overcharged us. We slept and woke up at 5.30 a.m. but couldn’t start from the hotel before 6.30 a. m. because of varun’s delayed bowel movements. He got tea and a very bad crunchie called fan from just outside our motel which was awful. We went to sector 43 bus terminal to catch a bus to mandi in himachal pradesh. Most ticket enclosures were empty except ours.  Varun wrestle through the crowd to buy tickets for us. We boarded a haryana roadways bus at 7.20 a. m. This bus halted 3 times in its 7 hours long journey to Mandi. One stop was a very nice gurudwara at Hasthal in punjab beside the IGI Canal. We clicked pictures there,  ate bananas,  we also ate r left over dinner. Unlike me Varun and Meetha are very tiny eaters. We also had a mini lunch at a dhaba at the 2nd stop. We reached mandi at 3 p. m.  We got to know there that a lone bus which goes to lake parashar once a day has left for it at 9.a.m.  So we decided to hire a car, a Swift Desire charged us Rs. 1800 and took is to lake parashar in around 4 hours, just 50 kms but roads are very bad and narrow,  but the scenery is unmatched,  at one point i felt where the hell are we going! But as we reached our destination Lake Parashar was worth every penny we own. There are no commercial hotels there,  only 3 himachal pradesh forest tourism guest houses. One guest house denied us vacant room,  another allowed us thanks to varun’s dramatics,  he made us into hapless females. But this guest house said we have to manage in the drawing room,  we were okay with anything because we were tired. We reached there,  drawing room was huge,  we could have easily slept on the sofas. An old couple who had trekked all the way to lake parashar valley had a booked room there,  they joked seeing our tired self that we should be given a room as we need it more than them. After some time the care taker shifted us to a vacant room.  We used the washroom which was huge,  freshen up and started walking towards lake parashar. The surroundings were breathtaking and peaceful and virgin.  The lake itself in its cup shaped valley looked small but was beautiful.  There was a pagoda style temple beside it dedicated to Sage Parashar. We took a round of the lake and had refreshment in the only tea shop there, it gets chilling after sun set.  We met a group of campers from Rover’s Camp,  they were camping in open.  They gave us a show of fireworks at night too. Tea and Maggi tasted heavenly to our taste buds sitting in that heavenly place. We walked back to our guest house in the moonlight.  I entered a wrong guest house where a group of guys were drinking.  We were shown our way to our guest house by our care taker. We came back had a tasty simple dinner of Rice,  Daal,  Rajma,  Roti and salad. I loved it. After that we stood outside our guest house for quite some time enjoying the serenity and the extreme quietness of the place,  we made our constellations in the clear sky. We also saw fireworks. At night the weather turned chilling cold we needed 2 quilts,  3 blankets one of which we used as a bed sheet.  At night we were the only people in that guest house along with the care taker and a guard,  the old couple left in the late evening. Varun and meetha slept quite well, i woke up twice in the night,  the extreme quietness of the valley was bothering me, my ears were ringing because of the height and cold. But astonishing i got too warm at night and had to throw away my covers.  Next morning we again did a nice trek of the whole valley.  At every point of time during the day the valley was beautiful. We boarded the tiny himachal pradesh transport corporation bus at 1 pm.  which reached mandi at around 5 pm. Our volvo to delhi was at 8.50 pm.  We killed time at mandi by having dinner at a beas side restaurant. Our volvo arrived at 9. The volvo driver drove very perilously in the mandi valley,  i was not puckish but most of the people at the back were.  Then after a bit of cajoling the driver started driving straight.  We reached kashmere gate bus terminal at 7 am. Me and meetha took an auto rickshaw to her home in paschim vihar.  I got ready and went to work from there.

Best time to go to lake parashar : April to June.

Altitude : 8234 feet from sea level

Reach there : From mandi via bus or car

Distance : 60 kms from Mandi.

Timings of bus : 9 am leaves for parashar and 1.15 pm leaves from parashar,  only one bus. Fare is about Rs. 100.

Timings of car : At all times during the day till 4, fare is Rs. 1800,  they charge both ways.


For effective industrialization in the under developed countries and their economic growth, continuous developments with modern techniques in all possible areas are essentially required. As a result of innovative activities of our Scientists, Academicians and Technocrats, India is emerging as a leader in the developing world for rapid industrial growth. The developments of Electronics and Communication Technology and its application in all fields of engineering is assisting many industries to grow further.

Various technical reports indicate that continuous developments in the areas of VLSI, Satellite Communication, Antennae Design, Cloud Computing, Wireless Technology, Mobile Communication and Devices, Embedded System, Image and Video Processing, Application of Electronics in Bio-Medical Instrumentation, Interfacing of Electronic Devices with Mechanical and Electrical Machines & Equipments, Nanotechnology and Consumer Electronics Products, are bringing technological revolutions ensuring better quality of human life with enhanced efficiency and further industrial growth with sophistication and modern techniques.

Various developments in Electronics Engineering and its application have very high potential for technological revolution in Bio-Medical Engineering. Today, Bio-Medical Engineering and its course contents are limited mostly to Bio-Medical Instrumentation. With continuous improvements in Biosensors and Electronic Biochips, days are not very far when Medical Doctors will be converted to Bio-Medical Technocrats. Future Bio-Medical Technology will allow detection of various electrical, mechanical, electro-magnetic and other forms of micro signals by Biosensors and Bio-chips. Integration of Biochips with Biosensors and Computers will allow automatic diagnosis of human diseases. Once a disease is identified, automatic printing of medical prescription can be possible from a computer with medicines selected from medicine databases, through an appropriate computer software developed for the purpose.

India has very high population and without any population stabilization success, there is a report that India’s population may cross the population of China by 2030. We all know that majority of Indians are staying in rural areas. One of the major components and driving force of rural development is communication. Conventionally, communication includes electronic media, mobile communication devices, human communication and information technology (IT). All forms of communications have dominated the development scene in which its persuasive role has been most dominant within the democratic framework of the country. Communications with more improved satellite technology and radio broadcast have high potential for knowledge gain in rural areas. More low-cost “Communication and Networking Solutions” are required for rural developments. We have to accept these challenges for further innovations in this regard.

Prof (Dr). N. K. Kole, India


Computer Technology and IT Devices are developing at such a rapid speed that technological revolution will go to unpredictable stage. The Computer Technology has passed through several generations of developments starting from 1st generation with Vacuum Tubes and Magnetic Drums, up to 5th generation with Artificial Intelligence. Another generation of development known as 6th generation is also becoming a practical reality.

Data Acquisition is a technical terminology. It is a high technological process, which is growing very rapidly with reliable Data Acquisition Systems consisting of sophisticated hardwares and high quality softwares. Sensors which convert physical parameters to electrical and other signals, are helping various improvements in Data Acquisition Systems in a big way with development of sensor technology and nano-sensors. With high quality softwares, Data Acquisition is now effectively controlled by software programmes. Good interfacing techniques among various hardware devices with improved Device Drivers, are also ensuring further improvements in Data Acquisition Systems.

Some business houses are making continuous efforts to explore the collection of huge data for IT professionals and utilize the same for much stronger business. The data comes from everywhere, both in structured and unstructured forms. The handling of huge data through Analysis, Storage, Processing and Management, will not only increase the business, but also will ensure corporate growth for all fields of Engineering, especially in IT sectors. It is important to know who owns the data and how data quality is maintained.

Computerized storage of data and proper utilization will require further development of new softwares keeping economic application in mind, so that more commercial application will take place. Software based storage management will be hardware dependent and further developments in hardware technology will be beneficial.

Various ideas, concepts, and applications of scientific theories for improving the Computer and IT Technology are coming up from all directions. We all know that great Scientist Albert Einsten gave the concept of Relativity Theory and Quantum Mechanics, whose applications are now taking place in many new areas. Very recently there was a news item, based on idea and research from China, which indicates that Einstein’s concept on Quantum Mechanics may lead to ultra secure internet. The concept says that Internet System may provide unprecedented security for Internet Messages through a future “Quantum Internet” and related developments may assist the growth in the area of Data Transfer.

The Researchers, Students, Scientists, Industrialists, Entrepreneurs are all required to realize the high potential of Data Acquisition, Storage, Processing and Management. They should take up more research and development activities in this regard.

Prof. (Dr.) N. K. Kole, India

Recent Trends in Civil Engineering-2014

Civil Engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines and has over 5000 years’ of glorious history.  Various technical reports indicate that continuous developments at International Level in the areas of Structural Analysis and Design, Earthquake Engineering, Water Treatment Technologies, Soil Mechanics, Pavement Design, Construction Management, Urban and Regional Planning, are bringing technological revolutions ensuring better design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment with enhanced efficiency.

Rapid industrialization, population growth, mobility of people from rural to urban areas and growing urbanization in India are creating a huge demand for more infrastructural facilities.  The Civil Engineers and Scientists of the relevant fields, have a great challenge ahead for developing sustainable low cost technologies applicable to India, to meet the huge demand for infrastructure in recent future.

To fulfill challenging needs of the Indians, a good Civil Engineer must have vast knowledge in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Materials, Mechanics, Design, Computer Technology and Environment. A Civil Engineer should also have enough knowledge on Risk & Uncertainty, Sustainability, Public Policy & Administration, Business Basics and Social Sciences. Civil Engineers must be highly skillful to apply Basic Engineering Tools, learn New Technology, make Useful Communication to all concerned, collaborate and manage the projects. Civil Engineers also must have leadership quality, good attitudes to exhibit creativity, entrepreneurship, commitment, curiosity, honesty, integrity and self discipline.

For providing adequate water to all in India, Water Resource Engineering, Water Conservation Engineering, Water Purification Methods, Desalination Technologies need to be further upgraded along with more developed technology with energy saving techniques for Water Treatment.

A high awareness campaign in India is required to adopt “Global Life Cycle Design Philosophies for Waste Disposal” and global standards for Sustainable Design in Civil Engineering.

Civil Engineers and the Scientists in the relevant field, are aware that Transportation Engineering has a very great role to play for all round economic development of the country and for further industrial and other growth in future.  The quality consciousness of all concerned for construction of roads in our country is not very appreciable and the constructed roads get damaged very soon.  We all know that in the Rail Transportation System, the technology itself is such, that the contractors, engineers and administrators have no scope to lay bad quality rails. The technology itself ensures that laying of rails has to be with minimum standards, otherwise the train will either not move or not move properly. Similarity, for road construction, the road construction materials and the road construction technology should be developed in such a way that the technology will present the contractors, engineers and administrators to avoid any negligence for quality.  In this regard, the challenges ahead should be accepted.

 Prof. (Dr.) N.K.Kole, India


Innovations for products and services in Industrial Organizations, Innovative Teaching Learning Process in Education Sectors and Innovative Practices in every sphere of human life, have so much of importance to-day that Govt. of India has set up a National Innovation Council (India), to discuss, analyze and implement strategies for innovations. It has also the role to suggest a road map for innovation 2010-2020.

To encourage, Intellectual Property (IP) orientated technology development through R&D output in terms of innovations, Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India is encouraging the Universities and University Level Institutions to set up “Innovation Facilitation Centers” under a Funding Scheme, through National Research Development Corporation. This initiative of the Govt. of India will create a better environment for Innovation spirit among the faculties, students and researchers.

Introduction of new or significantly improved goods and services, or a new marketing method or a process, or a new system in business practice in Industrial and commercial organizations and innovative techniques for teaching-learning in educational institutions with the aid of modern Information and Educational Technology, are so much necessary in present day competitions that every organization is required to adopt good innovation management.

The success of any organization including educational institutions depends on good management, excellent management models and scientific management practices. Innovation in general, brings developments in any organization and, therefore, Innovative Practices in Management are essential for improvements and survival.

When we talk about Innovative Practices in Management we should be able to discuss “Innovative Teaching Practices in Management Education” and further development needed in this regard. Moderator Supported Learning Approaches (MSLA) having Learning Appraisal Seminars, Case Debates, Computer Simulations and other techniques as Learning Tools have been suggested by some educationists. They also suggested to encourage Poster Sessions, Break ’n’ Build and Free Fall Learning Technique as very effective “Self Learning Tools”. Evaluation of Learning Assignment for Moderator Supported Learning Approaches and Self Learning Tools based on several variables and proportionate score by the students, to measure abilities for concept development, information search, information utilization, problem solving, creative thinking and logical presentation of ideas are good Suggestions.

Prof (Dr) N.K. Kole, India


Buildings cause a number of environmental problems as a result of their design, construction, operation and maintenance. They consume large amounts of energy and resources, affecting the quality of air and water leading to climate change. A Green Building is one which uses less water, optimizes energy efficiency, conserves natural resources, generates less waste, provides healthier spaces for occupants and creates less environmental impact, as compared to conventional building.

The concept of environmentally responsible and resource efficient buildings has led to various terminology known as Natural Building, Green Architecture, Sustainable Building, Green Construction, Green Building etc.

In Urban area, due to high demand of residential and office accommodation, scarcity of land and space, several buildings are designed and planned without the concept of using natural ventilation and light. In the process, the occupants mainly depend on artificial light, artificial air circulation with the help of electricity, creating huge energy demand. The use of Air Conditioners, in less ventilated buildings, lead to huge environmental problem since the refrigerant- Freon used in room Air Conditioners, gets released into the environment either due to leakage or through diffusion process, creating ozone layer depletion. The design of buildings, using the concept of natural lighting and cross ventilation is still widely practiced in Indian villages and the same should also get priority for urban areas, wherever possible.

Environment friendly construction practices and design of buildings to reduce environmental impact are essentially required for sustainable development. The practicing Architects and Civil Engineers, Research Scientists, Developers and Faculty Members of educational institutions of relevant area, should accept challenges in this regard in India.

Grades, Standards, Rating Systems and related Regulations, have been developed by various countries based on which credits are awarded for location, maintenance of building sites, building materials, energy & water conservation, control & health of occupants etc. to judge the level of performance of green buildings. Internationally, building rating systems have been instrumental in raising awareness and popularizing green design. However, most of the internationally devised rating systems have been tailored to suit the buildings of the countries, where they were developed. For this purpose, the system known as Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) by Association for Development and Research of Sustainable Habitats and the work of Indian Green Building Council are of some acceptable standards in India. Green Building Rating Systems provide tools to building owners and operators for improving the performance of buildings in the key areas of human and environmental impact.

After certifying Green Buildings based on acceptable Grades, Standards and Rating Systems, there is also a need for performance monitoring of certified buildings for which developers, project authorities and building owners should voluntarily come forward to make India as global leaders in Green Buildings. More awareness today in India, is a necessity, in this regard.

Prof (Dr) N.K. Kole, India

Sustainable Bio–fuel Technologies-2014

Rapid population growth in India and increased need for energy security, are forcing us to develop Bio-fuels as alternative energy sources to prevent huge imports of oils by India, from other countries.

Among various classifications, there are three main types of Bio-fuels i.e. Solid Bio-fuels, Bio gas and Liquid Bio-fuels, out of which our main focus should be initially on Liquid Bio-fuels. Throughout the world, major focus is now for development of Bio-alcohols, Bio-diesels and Green diesels as Liquid Bio-fuels.

Developing sustainable Bio-fuels throughout the world has become a great challenge to Engineers, Industrialists, Educationists and Scientists of the relevant field. There are various environmental, social, economic and technical issues for development, production and use of Bio-fuels. With Bio-fuel research and development, debates have started regarding the impact of Bio-fuel production on land use, soil erosion, food prices, water resources and emissions of green house gases such as Carbon Di-oxide, Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur Dioxide etc.

Bio-diesel and Ethanol are produced as liquid Bio-fuels from many conventional food crops. Engineers, Scientists and Educationists have to accept challenges to ensure that there is no direct crisis created regarding availability of foods to human beings and animals, while developing Bio-fuel Technologies for practical use and commercialization.

The rise of food prices even up to 20% in some countries where major breakthrough has been made for Bio-fuel production is becoming a great cause for worry and its effect on economy. Use of more water and land for production of Bio-fuel crops in large scale are also causing some difficulties. The impact on climate, energy security, eco systems, environment as whole need to be assessed and an acceptable balance is required. Sustainable Bio-fuel is, therefore, a need of the hour. Accordingly, the topic selected by Mechanical Engineering Department for today’s Seminar is highly appropriate and appreciable.

For more useful research in India, a database is required where various latest information on oil economy, list of Bio-fuel crops and their yields, energy forestry, ecological sanitation, energy output of Bio-fuels, list of emerging technologies, list of Bio-fuel companies and research organizations etc. should be available and the data should be regularly updated. We need to take a useful policy and effort in this direction.

The European Union and USA have already developed and adopted standards to promote sustainable Bio-fuel production and use. The U.S. Renewable Fuel standard (RFS) and California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) are already available, but these standards still require further optimization and improvement. A well planned policy and adoption of standards to promote and develop sustainable Bio-fuels are required. India should adopt its own standard applicable in our country.

With dedicated research activities and innovations, days are not very far when sustainable Bio-fuels will offer the prospect of healthy supply of alternative energy with oil price moderation in India. Let us make a serious beginning in this regard.

Prof. (Dr.) N.K.Kole, India



Nanotechnology falls in multidisciplinary Engineering and Technology field. The materials and devices in nanotechnology area, are so small that we cannot see the same even with a light microscope. Nano-technological products and techniques have already started developing for commercial application and various patents have been taken by the innovators. The consumer products are already available on nano-scale.


A centimeter is one – hundredth of a meter, a millimeter is one- thousandth of a meter and a micrometer is one –millionth of a meter, but a nanometer (nm) is one-billionth of a meter, smaller than the wavelength of visible light. The concept of developing nanotechnology is to create technology at atomic and molecular scale.

Nanotechnology is an Engineering and Technology area, having its goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for manufacturing nano scale products with nano scale techniques. Among various concepts in nanotechnology, one important one is building products using bottom up technology, to suggest a new method that assembles individual atoms into products, for which there is a requirement of nano-manipulators.


In 1959, Richard Feynman delivered a talk on “Building Molecular Machines”, with atomic precision. In 1974, the “nanotechnology” term was used by Taniguchi. Some sequences of development of nanotechnology, are stated below:


Molecular Nanotechnology concept developed by Drexler


First Technical paper


One Book published


First Conference


One Journal published


First European Conference


One DNA based Nano-mechanical Device developed


$ 100 million US Research Grant


Policy Conference in US on Advanced Nanotechnology


An improved working DNA Nano-robot developed


One programmable nano-wire circuit developed for nano-processors

Four generations of developments are presented in the table below:

Name of Generations


1st: Passive Nano-structure before 2000

Production of Aerosols and Colloids as Dispersed

and contact Nano-structures, Development of

Coatings & Nano-particles as nano-structured

metals, polymers, ceramics

2nd : Active Nano-structure between 2001 and


Development of Bio-Device, 3D Transistors,

Amplifiers, Actuators

3rd: Nano-systems

3D Networking and Robotics Development

4th : Molecular Nano-systems

Atomic Design and Molecular Devices

Further developments in various fields are now a practical reality, and several developments are in progress.


The multidisciplinary fields of nanotechnology include Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Material Science and many areas of Engineering/Technology. The developments of nanosystems have already taken place in the following areas:

  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Nanoscale materials

  • Molecular manufacturing

  • Nano-medicine

  • Nano-electronics

  • Nano-Computer & Computing

  • Nano-sensors

  • Nano-instruments

  • Nano-packaging

  • Nano-materials and coatings in Civil Engineering Construction

  • Nano-systems in Aviation

  • Space Technology


Development of nano-materials for Civil Engineering construction having size of 10-9m is in progress. In Civil Engineering, nano-technology has the potential for application in coatings, prevention of corrosion, development of long lasting and durable materials for road construction and maintenance.


In 19th century, industrial revolution started with development of Steam Engine. Nanotechnology will bring sensational revolution when nano-scale machines will be developed. Nano-scale robotic submarines are being developed which will remain sub-merged in blood stream of human beings, with the aim to kill cancerous cells. Nano-scale factories will be set up showing new industrial growth.


Nano-technological innovations are making impact on wide areas of Electrical Engineering. Electrical Power Engineering has a very high potential for nano-technology applications. Ultra low resistivity conductors, the influence of nano-filters for insulating materials and nano-coatings for hydrophobic surfaces are potential research areas for nanotechnology development in the field of Electrical Engineering


The uncertainly involved to convince the consumers that there is no risk involved for consumption of nano-foods, is creating some difficulties to judge whether development of nano-foods has a high potential or not. Nanotechnology, however, has already established its useful application in nano-packaging, Development of nano-food diets, for medical treatment of some diseases is in progress.


Among all areas of applications of nano-technology concept, the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering has a very high potential for adopting nano-systems, nano-devices and nano-communications. It is projected that, by 2015, transistor size will be 10nm with innovation in Silicon Technology. The development of nano-sensors, nano-tubes, nano-scale antennae and ambience intelligence in wireless industries is creating revolution in Communication Technology. The devices such as nano-scale transistors, semiconductors, flash memory, wave interference and switching, are bringing practical reality for nano-technology concept.


Computer Science & Engineering is a very high potential area for nanotechnology revolution. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that carries genetic information for biological development. The development of Silicon based nano-computers with DNA computing will be practical reality soon. Researchers have successfully created nano-devices for application in Computer Science & Engineering field, by using nano fabrication techniques.

Nano-robot is a device with robotic arms, motors, sensors and nano-computers. It will be a nano-assembler to work at nanometer scale, which will bring revolution in the area of Computer Science & Engineering and Automation.


Several generations of developments have already taken place and further developments are already in progress. This emerging area has a very high potential for technological revolution in near future.


O.Hjortstam,P.Isberg, S.S:oderholm,and H.Dai, Can We Achieve Ultra-low Resistivity in Carbon Nanotube- Based Metal Composites?, Applied Physics A, Vol.78, No.8,2004

T. Andritsch, Nanotechnology in Electrical Engineering, Diploma Thesis 2006, TU Graz

K.E.Drexler, 1986. Engines of Creation: the Coming Era of Nanotechnology. Anchor Press.

K.E.Drexler, C. Peterson and G.Pergamit, 1991. Unbounding the Future: the Nanotechnology Revolution.

G.M.Whitesides and J. C. Love, 2001. “The Art of Building Small”. Scientific American, September.

K.E. Drexler, 2001. “Machine-Phase Nanotechnology”. Scientific American, September.

G.Stix, 2001.“Little Big Science”. Scientific American, September.

P. Rai-Choudhury (Ed), 1997. Handbook of Microlithography, Micromachining and Microfabrication.

M.A.Reed and J.M. Tour, 2000. “Computing with Molecules”. Scientific American, June.

K.E. Drexler, 1992. Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. Wiley.

S.Kumar and P.J.Bentley (Contributing Eds.), 2003. “On Growth, Form and Computers”. Academic Press, London.

Institute of Nanotechnology- provides substantial list of nano sites

In Proc. MEMS98, IEEE 11th Annual International Workshop on MEMS

Joint EC/National Science Foundation Workshop on Nanotechnologies 2001, proceedings.pdf

J.P.M. She and J.T.W. Yeow, “Nanotechnology-Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks: Overcoming the Limitations from a Device Perspective”, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, Niagara Falls, Canada.

Mapping of Excellence: Nanotechnologies. 2001

Nanotechnology: a small science with a huge potential,

NANOTECHNOLOGY: Roadmap for nanoelectronics 2000,

Nanotechnology Applications to Telecommunications and Networking, Daniel Minoli.

Nanotechnology in the United States “NSF” fact sheet 2001.htm

Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, Rainer Waser.

Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology March 2001,


By : Dr. N. K. KOLE

Ritual Unisex Salon in Rishikesh

Ritual 1

Ritual 2

Ritual 3

Ritual 4
Ritual Unisex Salon Opened on 2nd May 2014 at Tilak Road, Near Nainital Bank, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand-249201, India. Rishikesh is a spiritual place with the presence of the holy river Ganges. Besides Spiritual enlightenment, Rishikesh also offers holistic rejuvenation and healing options for those who go there to relax and get spa treatments done.

Hence this salon has an apt name “RITUAL” going by the spirit of Rishikesh. Ritual is a one of its kind salon where the satisfaction of the client is the utmost priority. It is spread over a large area occupying two floors, ground floor is for Men and 1st floor is for Ladies.

Ritual offers all kinds of Haircuts, Hair Color,Hair-styling, very good facials, exfoliation treatments, hair removal treatments, luxurious Pedicures & Manicures, world class makeup, bridal and groom packages. All the treatments offered are top class using branded quality products. Prices are very reasonable. Ritual is owned by Ms. Mithu Santra, who is a qualified Hairstylist, Makeup Artist & Beautician from Blossom Kochhar College Arts & Design, New Delhi. She has over 10 years of experience in the field. She doesn’t consider her craft just as a source of income but her craft is her passion and worship. Her forte is elaborate long hair styling and flawless Makeup and beautiful Bridals. She had an experience of working at Jawed Habib, New Delhi. The senior Men’s Hair Stylist of Ritual is Mr. Salman Ali, who is also an alumni from Blossom Kochhar College Arts & Design, New Delhi and has over 5 yrs of experience at Jawed Habib. All the other staff are also highly trained and courteous.

Ritual Unisex Salon is one of  the very few world class & modern salons in Rishikesh which keep up with latest trends in Hair, Makeup & Skin. Do visit us and experience the same.

Contact Details:

Mithu Santra

Mob. No. 9758323294

Salman Ali

Mob. No.  9627982173